2 A property-based legal system ___________
A is unimportant in Western legal systems
B believes that law is simply the commands of the state backed up by force and punishments
C is contrary to the philosophy of natural law
D does not allow for the transfer of private resources
E allows people to exclude others from interfering with what their efforts produce
3 Which of the following statements is true of formalism?
A It is primarily concerned with the consequences of a person’s action rather than the action itself
B It lays more emphasis on end results and their evaluation
C It focuses more on common good rather than on individual rights
D It is an approach to ethics that affirms an absolute morality
E Its dominant form is utilitarianism
4 Dan is a supporter of the formalist view Which of the following is most likely to be his belief about lying?
A He is likely to support a lie that is told for personal gain
B He is likely to condemn all forms of lying
C He is likely to support a lie that is told for the common good
D He is likely to disapprove of lying only in instances that hurt people
E He is likely to support a lie that is harmless
5 Which of the following statements is true of the role of judges in US courts?
A They determine the facts from conflicting evidence in a jury trial
B They present evidence to a jury
C They give no deference to the facts found by a jury
D They apply the law to the facts of a case
E They campaign for reelection