a. Is the cooperative solution fair? Can the resulting inequality in civil society be justified? To answer these questions, draw on your intuitive ideas of fairness or, better still, a concept of fairness developed by a major philosopher such as Hobbes, Locke, Rawls, or Aristotle.
b. Suppose that the bargaining process did not allow destructive threats, such as the threat to steal. How might this restriction affect the distribution of the surplus?
c. What is the difference between the principle, “To each according to his threat value,” and this principle, “To each according to his productivity”?