week Individual only 300 words.
Week 6: Week Six – Individual Work
Objectives for this activity:
Compare the rationale for and against the collection of racial profiling
Analyze the role of law enforcement in the war on terrorism within
Although terrorism and war typically are viewed only in a
negative context, consider and discuss some ways in which these human
activities may bring about social change in regions and nations. Are
there any positive consequences of the war on terrorism? In your
response, please give specific examples and cite your sources.
Your completed assignment should be one â€“ pages,
double-spaced, in a 10-12 point Times Roman font.
Chapter 8, “Law Enforcement Contact with Arab Americans and other Middle
Eastern Groups,â€ pages 225-252.
In the Book:
Middle Easterners come to the United States for numerous
reasons: to gain an education and begin
a career, to escape an unstable political situation in their country of origin,
and invest in commercial enterprise with the goal of gaining legal entry into
the country. People in law enforcement have continual contact with Middle
Easterners from a number of different countries. Officers would benefits from
having a rudimentary knowledge about past and present world events related to
Middle Easterners and should be aware of stereotypes that others hold of them.
Middle Easterners and related Terminology Defined:
Among the general population there is considerable confusion
as Arabs, Iranians and Turks are not Arabs. Many people assume that all Muslims
are Arabs, and vice versa. In fact, many Arabs are also Christians, and the
worldâ€™s Muslim population is actually comprised of dozens of ethnic groups. The
largest Muslim population is in Asia, not in the Middle East.
Historical information and Arab American Demographics: (page
Although many recent Middle Eastern immigrants and refugees
in the United States have come for political reasons, not all Arab Americans
left their country of because of these. There have been two major waves, of
Arab immigrants to the United States. The first wave came between 1889 and
world war I, and was largely from Syria and what is known today, as Lebanon (at
the time these areas, part of the Turkish Ottoman Empire). Of the immigrants
who settled during this wave, approximately 90 percent were Christian. Many
people came to further themselves economically ( thus these were immigrants and
not refuges forced to leave their countries),but in addition, many of the young men wanted to avoid the military in the
Ottoman Empire became involved in the business of peddling their goods to farmers and moved from town to
town. In the way of crime statistics, not much is reported, partly because in
the Arab immigrant community, people took care of their own (Samhan,
The â€œTerrorist â€œStereotype, Post- 0/11 Backlash, and Ongoing
Images of those responsible for the attacks of September 11,
2001, were eerily similar to the terrorist image described previously. The
backlash that ensued against Arab American, Muslim Americans, and those though
to be Middle Eastern origin had been predicted by many organizations and
individuals, including critics of the mediaâ€™s stereotyped image of a Middle
Easterner as a terrorist. Even prior to the attacks, Arabs were labeled as
terrorist. A most convincing example of the persistence of discrimination
against Arabs was label as terrorists. A most convening example of the
persistence of discrimination against Arabs occurred after the Oklahoma City
bombing in April 1995. Immediately following the bombing, many journalists and
political leaders said that the tragedy appeared to be work if Muslim
Communication Styles and Cultural Practices:
As with all other immigrant groups, the degree to which
people preserve their cultural practices varies. The following descriptions of everyday
behavior will not apply equally to all Arab Americans, but they do not necessarily apply only to newcomers.
Immigrants may preserve traditions and practices long after they come to a new
county by conscious choice or sometimes because they are unaware of their
Shusta, R. M. Levine,
D.R., (2010. Multicultural law enforcement: Strategies for peacekeeping in a
diverse society. 5th edition.New Jersey: Pearson
300 only words.