Develop a proposal for a research project using one of the following methods: surveys, experiments,.

Develop a proposal for a research project using one of the following methods: surveys, experiments, field research, unobtrusive methods, evaluation research, or mixed methods. Use the format below for your research proposal.

Introduction/Research Purpose

State the main purpose of the study.

Rephrase the purpose as a research question.

Include a hypothesis for studies that require testing a proposed causal relationship between variables. State your hypothesis as a null or as an alternative hypothesis.

Conceptualize: define the main concepts in your research question/hypothesis.

Identify the indicators that will be used to measure the variables being studied. Note that indicators are not required for qualitative studies.

Literature Review/Theoretical Framework

The purpose of a literature review is to summarize the relevant scholarly knowledge about the proposed research topic. The review should find answers to the research question.

Identify and critique any flaws in the literature.

Address the following questions:

Will my study address any gaps in the literature?

Am I replicating an existing study?

Use relevant theories if the study is deductive. Include theories if the proposed study is inductive, but plan to use a specific theory to help you make sense of the data.

Context of Study

Provide a brief description of where the study will be conducted. This should include information about socio-economic, cultural, and geographical factors that influence the environment within which the study is being conducted.

Study Population

Describe the population from which observations, subjects or respondents will be selected or recruited.


You must address two main issues in this section. First, describe the ideal sampling technique for your proposal; that is, the technique that you would use if the research were to be an ideal study. Second, describe the sampling technique for the “pilot” study.

Ideal sampling technique: Identify and describe the ideal sampling technique. Justify your choice of this technique. For example, why is this technique appropriate for your study? Include the ideal sample size.

Pilot study: Since this assignment is a pilot study, you are not required to use the ideal sampling technique. Instead, provide a description of how you plan to recruit your sample for the pilot study.

The sample size for a survey should be between 20 and 25 respondents for the pilot study, and about 6 participants if you plan to conduct a qualitative interview.

Methods and Data Collection

Indicate the method of data collection for the proposed study. Justify your choice of the method. If you plan to conduct a survey, justify your choice of the data collection instruments as well.

Additional requirements of this section will depend on the method you plan to use. Here are three examples:

Field research : Describe how observations or data will be collected: indicate the duration of observation, how the data will be recorded, and the role of the observer.

Experiments : Describe and justify the proposed experimental design. This design will include a description of the mechanics, including focus on any pre- and post-testing; a description of the experimental stimulus and how it will be applied; and a discussion of the need for and nature of debriefing, if relevant.

Surveys : Describe how the survey will be conducted; specifically, the type of questionnaire to be used, and the distribution, collection, and monitoring of returns.

Ethical Issues

Identify some of the relevant ethical issues and how they will be addressed. For example, how will you protect the participants from harm? or, how will you obtain an informed consent? Discuss issues relating to confidentiality and anonymity, etc.


Include any checklist, interview questions, and questionnaires that will be used in the execution of the study. If the required attachments are not included, the proposal will be given a failing grade.


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