Look back at the discussion of proving causation at the start of Part Two. Using that terminology, describe the causation issues that had to be addressed in the real- life counterparts to these movies.
Perhaps surprisingly, toxic pollution has provided the central theme in two major Holly-wood movies: Erin Brockovich and A Civil Action. The 2000 movie Erin Brockovich tells the story of a California community’s battle against Pacific Gas & Electric for allegedly causing groundwater pollution resulting in extensive illness. [For more information on the pollutant at issue in the movie, the carcinogen hexavalent chromium,