This article provides the audience with an adequately clear and convincing stance to explain what…

This article provides the audience with an adequately clear and convincing stance to explain what public policy is, and other academic literacy related to public policy, which included some famous theories. The main theme of this article is that public policy is intricate and no scholar can analyze any policies with one particular theory or model. In addition, the author argues that the public policy is multidimensional and it influences every citizen’s life profoundly. At the beginning of this article, the author brings up the fields of policy studies, how to understand the policy making and how they illustrate public policy. Then the author provides a few primary definitions of public policy, which included the most perceivable elements and concepts. At the same time, the author introduces the reason to study public policy and several theories of public policy that are more commonly subscribed to than other different theories. Furthermore, the author emphasizes that when students study public policy, their purpose should focus on analyzing policies instead of advocating them.

Correspondingly, according to personal experience, a public policy from Taiwan can be a reliable example. In 2011, the Ministry of Finance of Taiwan modified the income tax rate. Basically, there were 5 different income tax rates, which were 6%, 13%, 21%, 30%, and 40%, and citizens had to pay the tax based on their total amount of income. The former Minister of Finance claimed that if they reduced the income tax rate, they would simplify the administrative procedure and reduce the citizen’s tax burden effectively. In fact, they indeed reduced the first three rates by 1% (5%, 12%, 20%), but the last two still remained the same. Take my husband for example; he originally had to pay around 50,000 NTD for annual income tax, but after this modification, he ultimately paid 1% less for his income tax. Also, the government emphasized that although the tax income for them decreased, after they evaluated carefully, they expected the effect would be optimistic and stimulate economic growth efficiently. Based on this case, we can compare this policy to the same theories that are mentioned in this article.

At first, we can distinguish this policy from rational choice theory because when the government made decisions, they definitely considered the citizens’ rights and evaluated the costs after they implemented the policy. If the expected results or effects weren’t positive, they would change their final decision, wouldn’t they? Second, we can find out this policy belongs to group theory as well. Before this modification was announced, we could have read some articles from multiple newspapers discussing the new policy. The government invited some leaders of groups, such as corporations or labor unions, to put heads together about the influences of reducing the income tax rate.

Before the government implemented the new income tax rate, multiple professional opinions were considered and deliberated on. After reading this article, the author gave readers a bunch of ideas about the public policy field. The author illustrated the definition of public policy clearly, explained specifically the broad field of public policy, and absolutely brought out reliable theories. It is a very useful chapter for the novice of public policy or public administration. By all means, this article provides multidimensional fashions to analyze or determine the meanings of public policy. Like the instance mentioned above, we can consider that policy is considerably meticulous. However, we all have to keep in mind that when we study public policy, we don’t have to defend a policy, we just need to evaluate it fairly.

 

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