This is the Question//In class we discussed in a federal system there is “preemption” which allows C

This is the Question//In class we discussed in a federal system there is “preemption” which allows Congress or State Legislatures to insist on one uniform set of standard and regulations in a policy area that all states or local government in a state have to follow. Or “partial preemption” in which Congress sets the minimum or maximum standard in a policy area that a state must meet, but can always expand on for their citizens. The flip side of preemption, under the 10th Amendment, each state has the right to regulate certain activities free from federal interference or home rule which allows local governments to regulate certain activities free from state interference.The minimum wage is example of federalism, preemption and partial preemption. There is federal minimum wage, $7.25 (applies to all 50 states, employers who meet requirements, must pay this amount) but a state can increase it beyond this amount (partial preemption); Oregon statewide minimum wage is $9.25, (applies to all employers in Oregon who meet requirements), but local governments CANNOT increase it beyond this amount, FULL PREEMPTION.This system creates some level of consistency (across the U.S. and Oregon) and standards, which is an advantage of federalism, but also prevents local governments from responding directly to the needs of their community, and could result in a patchwork of solutions, which is a disadvantage of federalism.The President has called for an increase in the federal minimum wage and this fall Oregonians will be asked to vote on changes to the minimum wage, increasing the statewide minimum wage and/or removing the statewide FULL preemption from allowing local governments to increase above the statewide minimum. As you consider these options, which layer of government should be the one that decides what the minimum wage? Why?and this is my friend answer //The current system of a federal minimum wage with partial preemption for states appears to be a good system- if not the best. However, there are some obvious advantages to the proposal for a more localized control over minimum wage. In states like Oregon with a fairly wide demographic range, it makes sense to cater to extreme differences in the cost of living. While cities or counties having different minimum wages seems much too inconsistent, maybe a larger structure like congressional districts could be a compromise. If this were to happen, these districts would vote to keep the state-wide minimum wage or raise it, but only up to a certain cap set by the state. If we allow partial preemption within the state, a narrow gap in wage differences would be necessary in order to discourage migration and/or major negative changes to local economies such as losing the workforce, etc. After all, the purpose of this would be to make government influence over the economy more effective for different demographics rather than to change those demographics entirely.I WANT ANSWER LIKE IT BUT MOST praphrase the answer

 

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