Would the U.S. Supreme Court hear the following cases? Explain why or why not.
a. A Fourth Amendment search and seizure case is appealed from the highest state court of Pennsylvania. Three justices of the U.S. Supreme Court vote to hear the case. The remaining six justices believe the issue has already been decided in a similar case heard by the Court a year prior to the case currently being considered. Those six vote not to hear the Pennsylvania court appeal.
b. A female college student is fined $150 for speeding on a major street in a large city. She claims she wasn’t speeding and vows to take her case directly to the Supreme Court.
c. A state has made it a crime to criticize state government. Nichols, the publisher of a smalltown newspaper, sued in the appropriate state courts to declare this law unconstitutional (in violation of the First Amendment right of free speech) but lost.